Travel Health Zone - Waterborne diseases

home The travel health website for travellers
tours & transferstravel healthvisa informationoverland traveltravel shop
contact Uncover the Worldhelp & questionssearch Uncover the World websitee-mail this pageUncover the World network
Home > Water > Waterborne diseases
home


BEFORE YOU GO

>
Country List

>
Scuba Diving

>
Fear of Flying

>
Immunisations

>
Packing Drugs

WHILE ABROAD

>
Malaria

>
Food & Drink

>
Blood

>
Diarrhoea

>
Water

>
Altitude

>
Infant Safety

>
More Articles

BACK HOME

>
Check up?

COMMERCIAL

>
Directory

GENERAL

>
Ask the Doctor

>
Newsletter

OUR TOURS

>
Adventure Holidays

>
Egypt Tours

>
Jordan Tours

>
Nepal Tours

>
Bhutan Tours

>
Tibet Tours

>
Thailand Tours

>
Fishing Holidays

>
Batstone Restoration Roofing


Waterborne diseases

The waterborne diseases below are those most commonly encountered by traveller to underdeveloped countries where water treatment is either substandard or non-existent.

Disease Causes Symptoms
Leptospirosis (Weil's disease) Contracted through swallowing water contaminated with the Leptospira bacterium, which is transmitted through rat, mouse, dog, pig and cattle urine and faeces Flu-like symptoms (headaches, shivers, aching muscles and fever). Can lead to kidney failure, haemorrhaging, meningitis, jaundice and heart failure
Schistosomiasis (Bilharzia) Contracted by bathing or swallowing contaminated water. The minute worm burrows its way through the body to set up home in a favoured organ, often the intestine. Itching, coughing and wheezing, blood in the urine
Shigella (Bacillary dysentery) Very powerful pathogen that is contracted through swallowing infected water Severe and bloody diarrhoea
Amoebic dysentery Contracted through drinking water contaminated with infected faeces Bloody diarrhoea and/or with pus, infection of the colon, other possible complications include perforation of the bowel, hepatitis and liver problems.
Hookworms Parasitic larvae that enters the body through the skin (by paddling or walking barefoot through damp grass) or by drinking infected water Adult worm attaches to the stomach and, in large numbers, can cause blood leaking from the gut and eventually anaemia.
Giardiasis Microscopic heart-shaped parasite caught by drinking water contaminated with infected faeces or urine Diarrhoea, a lot of bad smelling belches and farts, bad smelling and floating stools
Cyclospora Caused by pathogens, which resemble blue-green algae. Resistant to iodine and chlorine treatment. Most common during the monsoon period in Central Asia Diarrhoea, which lasts for 6-12 weeks


The only effective way to prevent the waterborne diseases listed above is to avoid contacted with contaminated water and to buy bottled mineral/purified water or purify all drinking water yourself.


PREVIOUS PAGE    NEXT PAGE


first48
Information published on this website is not a substitute for professional medical care or advice but should be used only as an aid in understanding current medical knowledge. A Doctor should always be consulted for any health problem or medical condition.

terms of usedotprivacy policydotaffiliates and jobsdotabout Uncover the World
Copyright © 2009 Uncover the World Limited. All rights reserved. Contact the webmaster. All maps & flags copyright © Uncover the World.