|Leptospirosis (Weil's disease)
||Contracted through swallowing water contaminated with the Leptospira bacterium, which is transmitted through rat, mouse, dog, pig and cattle urine and faeces
||Flu-like symptoms (headaches, shivers, aching muscles and fever). Can lead to kidney failure, haemorrhaging, meningitis, jaundice and heart failure
||Contracted by bathing or swallowing contaminated water. The minute worm burrows its way through the body to set up home in a favoured organ, often the intestine.
||Itching, coughing and wheezing, blood in the urine
|Shigella (Bacillary dysentery)
||Very powerful pathogen that is contracted through swallowing infected water
||Severe and bloody diarrhoea
||Contracted through drinking water contaminated with infected faeces
||Bloody diarrhoea and/or with pus, infection of the colon, other possible complications include perforation of the bowel, hepatitis and liver problems.
||Parasitic larvae that enters the body through the skin (by paddling or walking barefoot through damp grass) or by drinking infected water
||Adult worm attaches to the stomach and, in large numbers, can cause blood leaking from the gut and eventually anaemia.
||Microscopic heart-shaped parasite caught by drinking water contaminated with infected faeces or urine
||Diarrhoea, a lot of bad smelling belches and farts, bad smelling and floating stools
||Caused by pathogens, which resemble blue-green algae. Resistant to iodine and chlorine treatment. Most common during the monsoon period in Central Asia
||Diarrhoea, which lasts for 6-12 weeks